The Florida Black Historical Research Project, Inc.  Established 1996  Retrieving, Preserving, and Celebrating Seminole Maroon History and Heritage



The Mission of the Florida Black Historical Research Project Inc. is to research, collect, and disseminate knowledge of significant contributions Blacks have made in the State of Florida.

The Seminole Trail of Tears and the 184th Anniversary Seminole Maroon Remembrance

Please join us for  "A Shattered Happiness": The Seminole Trail of Tears and its (Continuing) Aftermath, the 184th Anniversary Seminole Maroon Remembrance of the Two 1838 Battles of the Loxahatchee River in Jupiter, Florida, an event honoring Seminole Maroons, with a special focus this year on those Maroons forcibly removed from Florida.  This is A VIRTUAL event - Sunday, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Holiday Weekend, January 16, 2022, 12:00 Noon, Eastern Standard Time (EST)!
We look forward to seeing you online.

Did You Know?

• Africans were in the Americas centuries before Columbus and the “slave trade,” as shown by the research of scholars like Ivan van Sertima and Leo Weiner. Some evidence suggests an early African presence in Florida.

• Africans accompanied the first Spanish explorers and settlers of Florida, nearly a full century before the English settlement of Jamestown, Virginia.

• While the Southern colonies, and later Southern states of the U.S., were dominated by plantation slavery, Florida was Spanish territory and “Freedom Land” for Africans escaping enslavement and Native peoples escaping settler encroachment on their traditional lands.

• Pirates were known for exercising “complete integration and complete democracy.” Among the most legendary of pirates was Black Caesar, who operated in South Florida waters.

• The first invasion of a foreign country by the U.S. began with the incursions into Florida which became known as the Seminole wars.

• Both the words “Seminoles” and “Maroons” are derived from the Spanish word “cimarrones,” which was used for livestock which escaped into the wild. “Cimarrones” became “Siminoli” in the Creek Indian language, and then “Seminole” in English.

• “The Seminoles were a people, not a tribe,” consisting of numerous Native groups and Africans. Black Seminoles were especially valuable to the alliance as interpreters, since they knew both European and Native languages.

• The Seminole Wars were the costliest in U.S. history, in both money and bloodshed, until the Vietnam War.

• The main goal of the Seminole Wars was not only to “fight Indians” and to displace them west of the Mississippi River on the Trail of Tears, but equally importantly to "recapture the 'property' " of Southern slave owners and prevent further escapes of enslaved people.

• One of the most important sites of the Second Seminole War was the 1838 Loxahatchee River Battlefield in northern Palm Beach County, Florida, where Black and Native Seminoles, outnumbered and outgunned, fought bravely for their freedom, until they were captured by U.S. forces, dishonorably, under a flag of truce, and marched on the Trail of Tears to Tampa, shipped to Louisiana and east Texas, and marched to Oklahoma.

Dear Lovers of History and Culture: This comes to request your  support of Florida Black Historical Research Project, Inc.'s  [ FBHRP ] new initiative, "Speaking Memory, Archives, and Artifacts." This project was selected for promotion in a fundraising effort to support Black Non-profit organizations, Give 8/28, organized by Mighty Cause. Financial Contributions--small, very small, tiny, really miniscule! none and large, very large, gigantic!--are appreciated . Important also is your sharing this message with someone who you feel would support this effort. We appreciate your support, your presence at our events, your financial contributions and your publicity.  Every gesture is important.  All support is welcome and valued. On behalf of the Board of FBHRP, I thank you. Sincerely, Wallis Tinnie Board Member Florida Black Historical Research Project, Inc

Website Photo Header Credit: Original photography and montage by Stephen Marc, depicting an Annual Spiritual Remembrance of the Loxahatchee Battlefield in Jupiter, Florida, a turning point in the "Seminole Wars."  Prominently shown are the late Isa Hamm Bryant, founder of the FBHRP (in Seminole shirt), and Carib Tribal Queen Mrs. Catherine Hummingbird Ramirez, who has regularly performed the Opening Blessing and Prayer on these occasions.